16 Nov La Palma eruption update 16th November 2021: The eruption shows a general decrease in energy
La Palma eruption – 16th November 2021
The eruption continues to show some stability and a general decrease in energy, although PEVOLCA reminds that the current eruption parameters do not indicate a possible end to the eruption in the short term. However, there was increased ash emission observed yesterday, which has led to a worsening of air quality and the suspension of classroom teaching in the municipalities closest to the eruption. Furthermore, the poor air quality has caused the cancellation of some flights at La Palma airport. Regarding earthquakes the frequency and magnitude increased relative to the 15th. 79 events were recorded, with similar amounts at both intermediate (10-15 km) and deeper (30-45 km) depths, with the day’s largest earthquake being a mbLg 4.2 event at 36 km depth.
SO2 emissions decreased to levels seen on the 13th, at 2,000-3,000 tons per day, whilst the ash and gas plume again reached 3,000 m. However, satellite measurements imply current SO2 emissions show a downward trend since the start of the eruption. Tremor continues to be stable at low levels as seen since the start of November, and variable deformation continues to be seen at the LP03 GPS station in Jedey closest to the eruption, whilst the rate of regional deflation seen since the start of November in the other stations has decreased. The worsening of air quality is reflected in the SO2 levels, which reached very unfavourable levels at Los Llanos and Puntagorda in the early hours, with a total of 4 exceedances of the hourly alert threshold (500 μg/m3), contributing to the exceedance of the average daily threshold (125 μg/m3). However, the rest of the stations registered good or reasonably good SO2 concentrations. PM10 concentrations again reached extremely unfavourable levels in Los Llanos in the morning before decreasing to low levels in the afternoon, whilst still exceeding the daily threshold (50 μg/m3). Like SO2 levels, PM10 levels in the remainder of the stations remained good or reasonably good.
Sources: Government of the Canary Islands, PEVOLCA, Involcan, IGN, DSN, Cabildo La Palma, 112 Canarias, Tolouse VAAC, Copernicus EMS
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